Gender Action continues to expand the list of countries where — with local partners — we analyze IFI investments and advocate for women’s rights and gender equality. In this work, we support and mentor citizen groups in developing and transition countries in building their capacity to deconstruct IFI documents and pressure their governments to target resources towards women.

Here is a snapshot of some of our key country collaborations:


Since the earthquake hit Port-au-Prince, Haiti, in January 2010, Gender Action has been actively monitoring IFI investments and reconstruction, and working alongside Haitian and international organizations to demand effective and just reconstruction and long-term development efforts in Haiti.

Click here to view relevant publications on Haiti.


Gender Action spotlights China, the most populous World Bank client and one of its largest borrowers in dollar terms. We regularly conduct gender analyses of World Bank loans to China. Our analysis has found that the Bank’s heavily infrastructure and environment-weighted China portfolio has hardly recognized women’s roles or considered gender-differentiated project impacts.

One of our remarkable findings is that Bank rural poverty projects in China have not acknowledged the well-documented feminization of poverty and agriculture, nor its record of having the world’s highest female suicide rate and one of the most rapidly proliferating patterns of trafficking in women and girls.

Click here to view relevant publications on China.


Empty Promises: Gender Scorecard of World Bank-managed Post-Tsunami Reconstruction in Indonesia
In the wake of the tsunami, there was an enormous outpouring of international aid. Indonesia, which was particularly hard-hit, received a large influx of funds from many donors. To coordinate aid, the Government of Indonesia requested the World Bank to administer a Multi-Donor Fund. The MDF promised to rigorously address gender issues in post-tsunami disaster reconstruction. This report demonstrates the failure of the World Bank-administered Multi Donor Trust Fund (MDF) for Indonesia’s tsunami and earthquake reconstruction to systematically address gender concerns in the design of its projects. We conclude that the World Bank must live up to its commitment to promote gender equality and ensure that its projects—including those funded through the MDF—contain effective strategies to integrate gender issues.

Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey

In 2006 Gender Action partnered with Central and Eastern European Bankwatch Network (CEE Bankwatch) to expose the tragic gendered impacts of European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and International Finance Corporation (IFC)-financed Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan and IFC-funded Sakhalin II pipeline projects. The report, titled "Boom-time Blues: Big Oil's Gender Impacts in Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Sakhalin", challenges EBRD and IFC claims that they promote gender equality and combat HIV/AIDS. Instead of bringing prosperity, the pipelines are increasing poverty and human trafficking, reducing access to natural resources, increasing the occurrence of still births, pushing more women into sex work, and raising rates of HIV/AIDS and other diseases.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

In 2005 Gender Action worked with Bosnians to address the gender impacts of PRSP macroeconomic reforms at a workshop for PRSP macroeconomics and gender team members and other PRSP stakeholders. Elaine Zuckerman facilitated the discussion on how macroeconomics often ignore women’s work in the unpaid care economy; gender differences in paid employment and in policies affecting consumption, savings and investment; macrostability and social needs; revenue sources including taxation; PRSPs and related structural adjustment measures; and the gender impacts of trade. Elaine also conducted a training on Gender Budget Initiatives to help the former socialist transition country engender and maintain social safety nets in the face of IFI-imposed economic reforms. For example, local organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina oppose the IFI-mandated value added tax, which places a relatively higher burden on poorer women and men.

Serbia and Montenegro

Gender Action launched its gendered impacts of structural adjustment program (SAP) with its first case in Serbia and Montenegro. Gender Action’s analysis of Serbia and Montenegro's World Bank US$250 million "structural adjustment lending program" describes differing impacts on poor women and men. At the time of our analysis in 2004, SAPs composed at least four fifths of Bank loans to these republics. Our analysis found a distinct pattern of neglect of gendered impacts.

Serbia and Montenegro's structural adjustment objectives consist of: public expenditure cutbacks and civil service reforms including in the social sectors – in health, education, labor and social protection programs; State Owned Enterprise (SOE) closing, restructuring and/or privatizing; and bank commercialization and downsizing.

Local citizen's groups are using this analysis to conduct advocacy to mitigate negative effects and achieve social reforms including to (1) pressure their government and the World Bank to create employment, retraining and other compensatory programs for single female parents and other vulnerable women who lose employment through SAL programs; (2) obtain a US$7 million public sector allocation to assist vulnerable women in the national poverty reduction strategy; (3) achieve an increase in women’s pensions; and (4) pressure the World Bank Belgrade office to undertake a Country Gender Assessment to identify gender gaps that future investments should try to narrow.

See our publication presenting this analysis by Aleksandra Vladisavljevic of the Association for Women's Initiatives in Belgrade, and Elaine Zuckerman, Gender Action President, called "Structural Adjustment's Gendered Impacts: the Case of Serbia and Montenegro".

To learn more about Gender Action’s trainings with civil society groups to engender Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers in seven countries, please see our Brief Review of PRSP Collaborations by Country. To learn more about why Gender Action no longer engages in PRSP processes, see our Engendering Country Strategies page.


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